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ALLIED HEALTH & NURSING CLASSES

DEFINITIONS TO HELP WITH INTERNET ASSIGNMENTS

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Bandwidth
The amount of data you can send through a network connection. Usually measured in bits per second.

Bookmark
Using a Netscape option to store (in your computer) direct links to sites to which you wish to return

Boolean operators
named after the mathematician, George Boole, provide a means for combining terms using the "and" "not" "or" words in betwen your terms to refine a search

Browser
A program that helps manage the process of locating information on the world wide web (Netscape and Internet Explorer are browsers.)

Cache
Temporatily stores Web pages you have visited in your computer. Copies of documents you retrieve are stored in the cache. When you use the Back button to revisit a site, Netscape first checks to see if it is in the cache and will retrieve it from there because it is faster than retrieving it from the server

Case sensitive
Capital letters (upper case) retrieve only upper case. Lower case letters retrieve only lower case. Most search tools are not case sensitive or only respond to initial capitals as in proper names

Chat
Real-time communication between two users through computers. Once initiated, either user can type text that will appear on the other user's monitor

Cookie
A message from a web server computer sent to and stored by your browser on your computer. When your computer consults the originating server computer, the cookie is sent back to the server which allows it to respond to you according to the cookie's contents. The main use for cookies is to provide customized web pages according to a profile of your interests

Domain name
The part of the URL that identifies the computer you are logging into

Email address
An electronic mail address. Email addresses are in the form of: user@domain (for example: jhowel@gavilan.edu).

Emoticon
A combination of characters that form a facial expression. For example, sideways, the characters :) make a smiley face sometimes used in emails

Encryption
A way of making data unreadable to everyone except the receiver. Commonly used for sending credit card numbers over the Internet for commercial transactions

Field searching
Ability to limit a search by requiring a word or phrase to appear in a specific field of the document (title, URL, etc.)

Find button
Within the edit button menu on Netscape, the find option can be selected to allow you to search for a specific word on the current page

Frames
A format for web documents that divides the screen into segments each with its own scroll bar. Similar to a window within a window

Freeware
Free software available on the Internet that can be redistributed

Go
Button in Netscape that povides a list of recent sites you visited, retained for the current session

Home page
Main page of a Web site. A Web site containing only one page, is also called a home page. The Gavilan College Library home page is located at http://www.gavilan.edu/library

HTML
(Hypertext Mark-up Language) The coding language used to create hypertext documents on the World Wide Web. HTML is a way to format text by placing tags around the text.

HTTP
Hypertext Transfer Protocol - The World Wide Web protocol for moving hypertext (HTML) files across the Internet

Internet
This super network connects many smaller networks to allow th computers to exchange information with each other. All the computers on the Internet have to use a comnmon set of rules or protocols calld TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Intenet Priotocol)

ISP
(Internet Service Provider) provides Internet access to its members. Each time you log on, your ISP connects you to the Internet

Link
Hypertext or hypermedia objects that when selected will connect you to related Web sites

Listserv
Software for conversations (usually devoted to one specific topic) through an electronic mailing list. Similar to newsgroups but unlike newsgroups, listservs operate via email (every contribution of a subscriber is sent to all subscribers on the list via email). By sending a predefined email message to the list server in question, you can easily subscribe or unsubscribe

Meta-search engine
Search engines that automatically submit your keyword search to several other search engines and retrieve results from all their databases.

Modem
A device for translating the digital data of computers into analog signals. Two or more computers connected together over phone lines are able to exchange files and communicate with each other

Netiquette
The combination of the words Net and etiquette which refers to proper behavior on a network, especially the Internet. Netiquette focuses on remembering that actual people are on the other end of a computer connection and offensive comments will be perceived by the recipient as insulting even though you can't see the recipient

Netscape
A popular commercial graphical browser. It is available in vesions for Windows and Macs

Newsgroup
Discussion group (on USENET) among people who share a mutual interest. In one particular newsgroup, you can find several conversations (threads) on different newsgroup-related) topics. There are thousands of newsgroups, covering almost every possible subject.

Personal page
A web page created by an individual (as opposed to a page for a business, organization or institution)

Phrase
More than one keyword, searched exactly as typed. Phrases are sometimes required to have surrounding quotation marks or parentheses

Portal
A Web site that attracts visitors by offering free information, or free services on a daily basis. When you are on a portal site, you can use it as a basis to explore the Web. The most famous portals are these major search engines: AltaVista, Excite, HotBot, Lycos, InfoSeek and Yahoo

Protocol
A set of rules and conventions that describes the behavior that computers must follow in order to understand each other

Radio button
Used in forms to indicate a list of possible answers. Only one button can be selected at one time

Search engine
Software that goes out on the web, seeking sites and cataloging them (Google and HotBot are search engines.)

Server
A host computer on a network that answers requests for information from it

Spamming
Bulk emailing --to cross-post to newsgroups with no consideration of whether or not the subject matter is relevant to what is being discussed within the group. Usually these postings are commercial advertizements

Spiders
Computer programs that are used by search engines to crawl through the World Wide Web, visit sites and databases and keep the search engine database of web pages current.

Subject directory
A list of web resources grouped alphabetically or by broad subject categories. Most subject directories are put together by professional experts in their fields

Surfing
Slang for using a browser to move through the World Wide Web

Telnet
Internet protocol that lets you connect your machine as a remote terminal to a host computer somewhere on the Internet. To telnet into a remote machine, you have to enter a user ID and a password.

Truncation
In a search it is the ability to enter the first part of a keyword by inserting a symbol (usually *) and accept any variant word endings after the occurrence of the symbol. (e.g., nurs* retrieves nurse, nurses, nursing, nursery, etc.)

URL
(Uniform Resource Locator) provides the address for a particular Web page

USENET
Bulletinboard-like network featuring thousands of newsgroups

Webmaster
The person rsponsible for administering a web site

Wildcard
In a search it is the ability to substitue a character with a symbol, usually the *. (e.g., wom*n retrieves woman, women)

World Wide Web
An Internet client-server system to distribute information, based upon the hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP). Also known as WWW, W3 or the Web

Address of this page:
http://gavilan.edu/library/nursing/
For questions or comments, please send e-mail to
Gloria Curtis at gcurtis@gavilan.edu
Last updated on May 19, 2004


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